Monthly Archives: July 2014
I draw your attention to the amazing book Countdown by Alan Weisman. It makes all the connections, anchored by the core reason for the human population’s current unsustainability: unrelenting population growth coupled with humanity’s also unrelenting propensity toward more food, more unsustainable resource use, and more fossil fuel extraction.
On page after page—as Weisman tours the world—he spotlights failed government policy (often going against desires of people to be more rational) and describes the terrible environmental and other consequences of those failures, culture after culture, region after region, and country after country. But he also chronicles, page after page, the experiences of countries and regions whose populations blew up last century now exhibiting substantially lowered fertility levels, in many cases below the replacement level of about 2.1 births per fertile female.
By the end of Chapter 4, seventeen percent of the book, I thought Weissman had written enough. It was comprehensive and overwhelming, but I continued reading anyway. I’m glad I did.
Excerpt of comments to Population Connection’s Board of Directors, originally published in the organization’s magazine POPULATION CONNECTION, Volume 46, Issue 2, June 2014 and reprinted here by permission.
I don’t pull any punches in my new book, Countdown. We’re facing some serious challenges in this century, and much of it may be a wild ride through uncharted territory. The number of humans on this planet is far more than nature ever intended, and our demands are changing the atmosphere, seas, and soils in dangerous ways.
Nevertheless, I came out of writing this book far more encouraged than I was going into it, because I learned that there is an affordable solution that can make a huge difference, and there’s already a lot of momentum and precedence for it in nearly every part of the world.
Among the countries I visited that have discovered non-coercive, completely voluntary ways of bringing their fertility rates down is one that surprises a lot of people, because it’s a Muslim theocracy. The same year as its 1979 Islamic Revolution, Iran actually applied coercion in the opposite direction, charging every fertile female to do her patriotic duty and get pregnant to help build a Twenty Million Man Army to fight off the invading Iraqis. By some estimates, at one point Iran’s growth rate peaked at 4.2 percent, near the biological limits for fertile women and the highest rate of population increase the world had ever seen.
But once the war was finally over, the director of Iran’s planning and budget office realized they had big problems. All those males born to supply the Twenty Million Man Army would eventually need jobs, and the chances for providing them shrank with each new birth. He and others met with the Supreme Leader to warn of the instability of a nation filled with frustrated, angry, unemployed young men.
Soon thereafter, the country that had told its females to get pregnant for the good of the nation was posting banners across roads reading “One is good, two is enough.” A new Ayatollah—he’s still in power today—issued a fatwa stating that, “When wisdom dictates that you do not need more children, a vasectomy is permissible.”